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Citation Styles: MLA & APA

Introduction to Citation Guides

This Citation Styles Guide was designed to provide you with assistance in citing your sources when writing an academic paper.

What is a citation and citation style ?

citation is a reference within a text to another document, the cited work. The purpose of a citation is usually to provide support or evidence of your research and give credit to the author/authors of the cited document. It can also be used to locate particular sources and combat plagiarism. 

citation style dictates the information necessary for a citation and how the information is ordered, as well as punctuation and other formatting.

What citation style do I use?

You will need to consult with your professor to determine what is required in your specific course. There are many different ways of citing resources from your research. The citation style sometimes depends on the academic discipline involved. For example:

  • APA (American Psychological Association) is used by Education, Psychology, Nursing, and Sciences
  • MLA (Modern Language Association) style is used by the Humanities
  • Chicago/Turabian style is generally used by Business, History, and the Fine Arts